Of Persians or Arabic origins we don't know, for sure it is well known in Africa region. Brought to Brasil by Portuguese to be used in religions ceremony. Late on it became part of the capoeira orchestra and game.
How to make an Atabaque:
It is an instrument of percussion. Made of pipe wood with ½ inchs thick and 2 to 4 inches wild pressed with rings made of iron with 15 to 30 inches in diameter, a piece of leather from coat or cow attached with cords and tuned with pieces of wood that we call cunha. The atabaque together with the “pandeiro” it's fallow the rhythm of the Berimbau in the capoeira roda or game.
Probably of Hindu or Arabi origins, it arrives in Brasil with the Portuguese. The pandeiro was at the first religious parried in Brazil June 13 1549 in Bahia (Corpus Christi). The pandeiro today is used in religious ceremony, samba or in the roda de capoeira (Circle of capoeira). Today there is pandeiros of deferent sizes and shape. The pandeiro can be made of plastic for samba or leather or snake skin better for capoeira. We don't know exactly when the pandeiro was introduced to the capoeira roda. The pandeiro for sure is the reference in the Brazilian music.
Music bow also now in India and Pakistan as malunga is a single-stringed music bow
The musical bow is a simple string instrument musical instrument consisting of a string supported by a flexible string bearer, usually made out of wood. The music bow where brought to India with The Siddi, whose ancestors arrived in Pakistan and India from the 11th to the 19th century due to slavery.
generally played on its own, as a solo instrument, although in capoeira it is the main part of a orchestra made of berimba, atabaque, pandeiro some capoeira schools also play agogo and reco reco.
The Brazilian berimbau the most usual type of resonator consists of a gourd attached to the back of the string bearer. This last method allows the size of the resonator to be varied as the musician desire.
The berimbau as we know in capoeira is a single-string percussion instrument, a musical bow, from Brazil. The berimbau's origins are not entirely clear, but there is not doubt on its African origin, as no Indigenous peoples in Brazil or European people use musical bows, and very similar instruments are played in the southern parts of Africa.